What is a Community of Practice (CoP)?

A Community of Practice is:
A group of people who share a common concern, set of problems, or passion about a topic, that expand their knowledge and expertise in their area of interest through ongoing interaction with each other.

Hydro Community of Practice (Eng CoP) is a group of individuals working to identify, define and develop best practices. Essentially it is a group of professionals, informally or formally bound together through exposure to a common set problems or pursuit of a common set of solutions.
Their focus is to establish a dynamic and collaborative environment to examine topics of interest to the community such as a basic understanding of the role of Engineering in the grand scheme of Power Generation in Ghana. The rationale for using the CoP approach is that it:
-Will improve service delivery and enhances individual and organizational learning
- Will increase ownership and helps shape policy through sharing knowledge and experiences

CoPs are at the centre to serve as the main facilitator in creating interaction and real-time sharing of ideas, resources and experiences with and between staff of the Authority.

Types of Community

  • - Helping
  • - Best Practice
  • - Knowledge Stewarding
  • - Innovation


Community Collaboration

  • - CoP Meeting
  • - Discussions
  • - Content Sharing


What is the role of a CoP member?

Specific roles and responsibilities of a CoP member may include:

  • - Participation in the development of community priorities and goals for the CoP.
  • - Sharing of best practices and barriers to quality improvement with other CoP members.
  • - Developing and maintaining working relationships with relevant stakeholders.
  • - Promoting or leading the implementation of quality improvement initiatives.
  • - Participation in regional and/or provincial teleconferences/web conferences/in-person meetings
  • - It is important to note that the expectations of CoP members should be adapted to meet the needs of each specific CoP


Follow the links below to access relevant Engineering resources:

How do you engage CoP members?

The key elements to engaging CoP members include:

Leadership: A leader or leaders who actively work to engage a larger community and guide CoP members

Consensus Building and Seeking Input: Experience has shown that Engaging all of the appropriate disciplines and relevant stakeholders cearly in the process will aid to the success of implementing the end product.

Communication: Keeping open and regular communication with members
(e.g. meetings, emails, and newsletters) may assist in building the CoP’s identity)

Self-Audit through Data Collection: When the CoP is focused on a quality initiative; members have stated that auditing the initiative and providing individual feedback to members in a productive and non-threatening manner is very effective at improving quality.

Provincial Workshop: In person workshops and web-conferences provide an opportunity for multiple disciplines from across the community to come together and discuss quality improvement initiatives, identify gaps in operations and maintenance, and determine goals for the CoP.
List Serv Online Discussion Forum: The Hydro CoP List Servs will provide a multidisciplinary online discussion platform for Engineers/Engineering Technicians./CoP members to improve their knowledge and management of engineering matters.-

Newsletters: Newsletters keep CoP members informed of quality improvement initiatives occurring in the community.

-Data Distribution:Data is an important driver of quality improvement, and both operations and maintenance.

Best Practices to Sustain Communities

  • - Align CoPs with Business Needs
  • - Use CoP Performance Plans
  • - Encourage and Sustain Participation
  • - Connect People to People
  • - Measure Health and Effectiveness
  • - Leverage Technology Thoughtfully


  1. Annual Reviews - Subject: - Biomedical/Life Sciences, Physical Sciences and Social Sciences. 
  1. EBSCO HOST - Subjects – Multidisciplinary
  2. Emerald - Subject: - Management, Business, Library and Information Management, Engineering, Computer
  3. Instititue of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) - Subject: - Electrical and Electronics.
  1. JSTOR - Subject: - Multidisciplinary.
  2. Nature Publishing Group - Subject:- Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemistry, Clinical Practice and Research, Earth and Environment.
  3. Sage Online Journals - Subject: - Multidisciplinary.
  4. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Subject: - Biological Engineering, Applied Engineering in Agriculture etc.
  5. Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) - Subjects – Agricultural Sciences, Applied Social Sciences , Biological Sciences, Chemistry , Engineering, Exact and Earth Sciences, Geosciences, Health Sciences, Humanities, Linguistics, Letters and Arts, Mathematics, Social Science.
  6. SCIENCEDIRECT Subject: - Multidisciplinary
  7. Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator - Subject: - Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Earth Sciences , Biology, Life Sciences and Basic Medicine, Agriculture and Food Sciences, General Medicine, Social Medicine, and Nursing Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Engineering in General, Nanosciences and Materials Sciences, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Information Sciences, Interdisciplinary Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences.
  8. Sage Online - Subject: - Social Science & Humanities, Health Sciences, Life & Biomedical Sciences Materials Science & Engineering.
  9. Google Scholar - Subject: - Multidisciplinary.
  10. Multi-Science Publishing - Subject: - Science and technology.
  11. CREDO


  1. Dam Engineering (International Papers of Technical Excellence) 
  1. Best Practices in Dam and Levee Safety Risk Analysis
  1. Best Practice in Ground Engineering
  1. What is Good Engineering Practice?
  1. Implementing Technical or Engineering " Best Practices"

  2. Engineering Practices Best Practices

Hydro Power Good Practices: Environmental Mitigation Measures and Benefits

Hydropower Good Practices - Environmental Mitigation and Benefits


Hydro Power Best Practices

Guide to Hydropower Construction Best Practice

“Best Practice” Guidelines for Hydro Performance Processes

Guidance for run-of-river hydropower development